Bangkok historical case partly Bankok since 1782 Capital of the Kingdom of Thailand. It has a special administrative status and is governed by a governor. The capital has 8,249 million inhabitants (census 2010) and is by far the largest city in the country. In the Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR), the largest metropolitan area in Thailand, living a total of 14,566,000 people (2010 census).
The city is the political, economic and cultural center of Thailand with universities, colleges, palaces and over 400 wats (Buddhist temples and monasteries) and the most important transport hub of the country. The National Museum in Bangkok is the largest of its kind in Southeast Asia. Bangkok is also home to the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). With more than 17 million foreign tourists Bangkok was in 2013 the most visited city in the world before it was replaced in 2014 by London again, and since then ranks second.
The time to UTC is +7 hours. The time difference to Central Europe is +6 hours in winter and +5 hours in summer, as there is no summer time in Thailand.
The ceremonial name of the city of Bangkok in Thai is in transcribed form Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yutthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udom Ratchaniwet Maha Sathan Amon Phiman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit. It is the ancient Thai name of the Thai capital Bangkok and with 169 Latin letters the longest place name of a capital city worldwide.
In Thai, the name (139 characters without spaces) is:
“City of the Devas, great city [and] residence of the eternal jewel Indra [Emerald Buddha], impregnable city of God, great capital of the world, decorated with nine precious gems, full of huge royal palaces, the heavenly home of the reborn God The same city given by Indra and built by Vishvakarman. ”
Devas (Thai Thep) are a category of 33 divine beings in Hindu mythology who, together with the god Indra, inhabit the heavens on the top of Mount Meru. Because the devas are portrayed as winged creatures, Krung Thep is often translated as “City of Angels” in Western texts.
Before the place was raised to the capital in 1782, his name was simply Bang Kok. Bang designates a place on a waterway, Kok possibly derives from Makok from, the Thai name for the fruits of Spondias pinnata ( “Yellow Balsam plum”) or Elaeocarpus hygrophilus. According to other theories, it comes from Ko ‘island’ or Khok ‘hill’. This name appeared in Europe for the first time on a Portuguese map of 1511.
Even after it was expanded to the capital, and its importance as royales, religious and cosmological center of the empire (Mandala) corresponding got much fuller sounding name, the city in European languages has also been referred to as Bangkok.
On the other hand, Thai people usually use the short form Krung Thep. The official name, for example, on autocards, is Krung Thep Maha Nakhon.
In 1989, the Thai rock group Asanee-Wasan set to music in her album Fak tong ( “Pumpkin”) the song Bangkok, the text of which consists exclusively of the full ceremonial name of Bangkok. Many Thai people have used this song since then to remember the long name better.